India's fertility rate recorded under 2 in 2021, down from 6.2 in 1950: Report

webnexttech | India's fertility rate recorded under 2 in 2021, down from 6.2 in 1950: Report

India039s fertility rate which stood at almost 62 in 1950 has plummeted to less than 2 in 2021 claims a global study published in The Lancet journalThe research report states that the fertility rate may drop further to 129 in 2050 and to 104 by year 2100The latest fertility numbers correspond to worldwide trends which suggested that the Total Fertility Rate TFR was more than 45 per woman on average in 1950 which went down to 22 in 2021 The number has been projected to go down to 18 and 16 in 2050 and 2100 respectivelyIMPACT ON INDIAAccording to Population Foundation of India chief Poonam Muttreja the latest figures have quotprofound implicationsquot and ramifications for India clubbed with challenges such as an ageing population and labour force shortages and potential social imbalances due to gender preferences among othersHowever a Global Burden of Disease GBD 2021 Fertility and Forecasting Collaborators study hints at apprehensions that many low-income nations will still be maintaining high fertility rates during the current centuryWith the ever-worsening climate change scenario many of 039these low-income countries039 are slated to also endure frequent natural calamities like floods droughts hot weather which are expected to result in food water and resource scarcity the report saidTo combat these potential threats to public health Poonam Muttreja said that economic 039policies stimulating growth and job creation039 alongside social security and pension reforms will also be essential in adapting to and mitigating the impacts of declining fertility ratesLIVEBIRTHSThe Lancet research had it that there were 129 crore livebirths globally in 2021 which stood at 93 crore in 1950 but was less than a high of 142 crore in 2016Meanwhile India039s livebirth numbers were recorded at 16 crore in 1950 and 22 crore in 2021 which are further projected to slump to just 13 crore in 2050With PTI inputsPublished By Vivek Published On Mar 22 2024

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